Total Population of Pakistan is 207774520. Pakistan - Pakistan - People: The area currently occupied by Pakistan has long been a route of military conquest and an entrepôt for peoples and cultures. The province is home to several historical sites, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Rohtas Fort and the ruins of the ancient city of Harrapa. The largest non-Muslim minority is Christians and make up 2.3% of the population. In Pakistani Punjab, non-tribal social distinctions are primarily based on traditional occupations such as blacksmiths or artisans, as opposed to rigid social stratifications. The Khewra Salt Mine is a tourist attraction. He told the meeting that the provision of health cards to 45 percent population in Punjab would be completed by June 2021. It is also dominant in the manufacturing sector, though the dominance is not as huge, with historical contributions ranging from a low of 44% to a high of 52.6%. The Durrani Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani wrested control of Punjab but lost it to the Sikhs after a successful rebellion which allowed Sikh armies to claim Lahore in 1759. In 1947 the Punjab province of British India was divided along religious lines into West Punjab and East Punjab. In the 1950s there was tension between the eastern and western halves of Pakistan. It is the second-largest city in Pakistan, after Karachi, and the 18th largest in the world. Administrative Division. Soul inspiring music is played and devotees dance in ecstasy. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, urbanization). One such saint was Data Ganj Baksh, an 11th-century Iranian Sayyid mystic from Ghazni now buried at Data Darbar in Lahore. Complete information about Population of every zilla of Pakistan. The majority of Pakistani Punjabis are Sunni Muslim, with minorities that include Ahmadi Muslim, Shia Muslim, and Christians. [citation needed] Alexander then marched through Ghazni, blockaded Magassa, and then marched to Ora and Bazira. Syed Ahmad Barelvi was an Indian Muslim who declared Jihad against the Sikhs by garnering support from local Pashtun tribesmen and attempted to create an Islamic state with strict enforcement of Sharia. [50] In 1821 Syed Ahmad Barelvi spent two years organizing popular and material support for his Punjab campaign. Population Welfare Punjab Jobs 2021 Advertisement is open in Bahawalpur Division to recruit the eligible (Male & Female) Pakistani nationals who want to work with the Population Welfare Department Government of Punjab. [69][70] In September 2015, a case was filed in Supreme Court of Pakistan against Government of Punjab, Pakistan as it did not take any step to implement the Punjabi language in the province. Punjab's landscape consists mostly consists of fertile alluvial plains of the Indus River and its four major tributaries in Pakistan, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej rivers which traverse Punjab north to south – the fifth of the "five waters" of Punjab, the Beas River, lies exclusively in the Indian state of Punjab. In 1799 Ranjit Singh, ruler of the Sukerchakia Misl, defeated the Bhangi Misl and captured Lahore thereby proclaiming himself as the "Maharaja of Punjab" at the age of 21. The fairs held at the shrines of Sufi saints are called urs. The Indus Valley Civilization, dating to 2600 BCE, was first discovered at Harappa. The "panj" means five and "aab" means water, its land of five waters referring to the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Sutlej, Ravi and Beas. A clinical ward with 20 beds was established in 2007[98][99] for the treatment of asthma and other respiratory diseases using salt therapy. 2.4%. The Sikh World: An Encyclopedia Survey of Sikh Religion and Culture: Ramesh Chander Dogra and Urmila Dogra; Khawar Mumtaz, Yameema Mitha, Bilquis Tahira (2003) Pakistan: Tradition and Change. It's also one of the world's most densely populated cities. Oxfam, Nader Shah's invasion of the Mughal Empire, resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of cities in Punjab, Pakistan by population, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Government College University, Faisalabad, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Agriculture, NFC Institute of Engineering and Technology, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif University of Engineering & Technology, Khawaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Technology, "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab", "The pulse of Pakistan's growing fashion industry", ''Ancient Indian Education: Brahmanical and Buddhist, "PUNJAB GROWTH STRATEGY 2018 Accelerating Economic Growth and Improving Social Outcomes", "Northern Punjab, urban Sindh people more prosperous than rest of country: report", "Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (Pakistan)", Some Aspects of Ancient Indian Culture: Sir WIlliam Meyers Lectures, 1938-39, "A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary with Transliteration, Accentuation, and Etymological Analysis Throughout", "Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases, and of Kindred Terms, Etymological, Historical, Geographical and Discursive", "Soan River – witness to rise and fall of many civilisations". The 2017 Census of Pakistan was a detailed enumeration of the Pakistani population which began on 15 March 2017 and ended on 25 May 2017. Faridabad (Haryana, India): 1.4 million. [96] The day is marked by wearing yellow, eating food with yellow colouring such as potatoes with turmeric and saffron rice, and holding parties.[97]. . 1951; reprint 1989), Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, For a detailed account of the battle fought, see Chapter VI of, Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power, (1982), p.68-70. Population density of Punjab increased from 221 people per square kilometer in 1961 to 551 people per square kilometer in 2011 growing at an average annual rate of 16.75%. Tehsils. literacy ratio by sex . (born at Nankana Sahib). With Northern and Central Punjab facing much lower levels of poverty than Western and Southern Punjab. Most areas in Punjab experience extreme weather with foggy winters, often accompanied by rain. There are 7,355 units for processing of agricultural raw materials including food and feed industries. According to census 2017 total population of Punjab is 110012442. Punjab has been the cradle of civilisation since time immemorial. By mid-February the temperature begins to rise; springtime weather continues until mid-April, when the summer heat sets in. The Provincial Assembly of the Punjab is a unicameral legislature of elected representatives of the province of Punjab, which is located in Lahore in eastern Pakistan. Azim Khan retreated to Kabul where he died shortly thereafter due to grief. Pakistan, there are 76,335,300 native Punjabi speakers in which comprised roughly 75% of the Pakistani population. In Pakistan, Punjab includes the Punjab province and parts of Azad Kashmir and the Islamabad Capital Territory. The Punjab region thereafter became an important region of learning and culture in the eastern Islamic world attracting scholars, artisans and poets. The most common instruments used are the tabla and harmonium. Hafiz Saeed, chief of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah (JuD) has questioned Pakistan's decision to adopt Urdu as its national language in a country where majority of people speak Punjabi language, citing his interpretation of Islamic doctrine as encouraging education in the mother-tongue. The capital is Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based. Population statistics in maps and charts for provinces, districts, subdistricts, cities and towns in Pakistan. The centralised authority that had existed during Aurangzeb's rule and the rule of his predecessors was now largely in the hands of Nawabs (semi autonomous rulers) who gave their nominal allegiance to the Mughal emperor at Delhi. [92] Various literary festivals and fairs are organised in many places. The official language of Pakistan continues to be Urdu. Block Wise Provisional Summary Census-2017; Area & Population of Administrative Units (1998) ... Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan For the most popular music from the region, Bhangra, the names of Abrar-Ul-Haq, Arif Lohar, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Jawad Ahmed, Sajjad Ali, Legacy, and Malkoo are renowned. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. Population Of Punjab In 2018: As indicated by the 2011 Indian Census, the number of inhabitants in Indian Punjab is 27,704,236. Most Sikhs live in the province of Punjab, a part of the larger Punjab region where the religion originated in the Middle Ages, with some also residing in Peshawar in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province. [101], Lahore Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Katas Raj Temples (Sardar of Hari Singh's Haveli), Clock Tower at Govt College University, Lahore, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Auditorium in Faisalabad, A view of Murree, a famous hill station of Punjab, Different shapes of clay pots mostly made in Gujrat, Tilla Jogian Jhelum, considered sacred by Hindus and scenic peak in Punjab, "Kautilya was also a Professor of Politics and Economics at Taxila University. In the South, Punjab's elevation reaches 2,327 metres (7,635 ft)[citation needed] near the hill station of Fort Munro in Dera Ghazi Khan. Punjab (Urdu: صوبہ پنجاب ‎) is a province in Pakistan. info)) is the maist populous province o Pakistan, wi approximately 56% o the kintra's tot population. The Indo-Scythians seem to have been followers of Buddhism, and many of their practices apparently continued those of the Indo-Greeks. Only a few monthly literary magazines constitute Punjabi press in Pakistan". Total Population of Punjab as of 2020 is estimated to be 31,254,208. He abandoned his troops whilst they regrouped to continue fighting until they were defeated. Zusätzlich werden sie in zwei Gruppen geteilt. [41] During their rule, Hinduism revived itself and the Buddhist civilisation in Gandhara declined. 1 June 2005. Those living in Southern and Western Punjab are also a lot more dependent on agriculture due to lower levels of industrialisation in those regions. The city was third in Pakistan behind Karachi ($78 billion) and Lahore ($40 billion). The most famous of the romantic love songs are Mayhiah, Dhola and Boliyan. ", "Thus the various centres of learning in different parts of the country became affiliated, as it were, to the educational centre, or the central university, of Taxila which exercised a kind of intellectual suzerainty over the wide world of letters in India. There are 48 departments in Punjab government. The Department is providing family planning services through Family Health Clinics, Family Welfare Centers, Mobile Service Units and social mobilizers. [47][48], The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 1761, Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas and reversed their gains in the regions of Punjab and Kashmir by re-consolidating control over them.[49]. &. [citation needed], The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was ruled by the Gondopharid dynasty with its capital at Taxila, Punjab. Pakistan: Administrative Division Contents: Provinces and Districts The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies of Pakistan by census years. Under Kanishka, Gandhara became a holy land of Buddhism and attracted Chinese pilgrims eager to view the monuments associated with many Jatakas. Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on barani areas, farms-to-market roads, electrification for tube-wells and control of water logging and salinity. The use of Urdu and English as the near exclusive languages of broadcasting, the public sector, and formal education have led some to fear that Punjabi in Pakistan is being relegated to a low-status language and that it is being denied an environment where it can flourish. Cotton and rice are important crops. The literacy rate has increased greatly over the last 40 years (see the table below). According to the 1998 census, the population of the province is 7,25,85,000. Punjab health officials said Thursday that the government has prepared a three-stage plan to inoculate the province's population of over 110 million against the coronavirus. Population of Pakistan: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. figure.Current population of Punjab province of Pakistan all detail of census. District at a glance Vehari. LOCATION OF PUNJAB: Punjab (Urdu: پنجاب ‎, Shahmukhī Punjabi: پنجاب, panj-āb, “five waters”: listen, also spelled Panjab, is the most populous of the four provinces of Pakistan.It has an area of 205,344 square kilometers (79,284 square miles) and a population exceeding 82 million, approximately 56% of the country’s total population. After independence, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while Muslim refugees from India settled in the Western Punjab and across Pakistan, having fled pogroms that almost entirely depopulated Eastern Punjab of its Muslim population.[55]. "Rally for Ending the 150-year-old Ban on Education in Punjabi", A PricewaterhouseCoopers study released in 2009, surveying the 2008 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Faisalabad's GDP (PPP) at $35 billion. Livestock and poultry production are also important. ... Indian Punjab shares its border with the Pakistani Punjab. The major and native language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi (which is written in the Shahmukhi script - one of the oldest scripts used for writing Punjabi) and Punjabis comprise the largest ethnic group in the country. The province's economy has quadrupled since 1972. The temple of Jandial, Taxila is usually interpreted as a Zoroastrian fire temple from the period of the Indo-Parthians. In 1823 Azim Khan took control of Peshawar and with support from Pashtun tribesmen faced off against the encroaching Khalsa army in the Battle of Nowshera. Mosques abound all over Punjab and vary in architectural style. [62], Punjab has the lowest poverty rates in Pakistan, although a divide is present between the northern and southern parts of the province. 3. The largest non-Muslim minority is estimated to be Christians , who are thought to make up 3-5% of the population; other minorities include Hindus , Sikhs , Parsis, Bah'ai, Ismalis and the Ahmadis. Initial estimates estimated the population at 210–220 million. ISLAMABAD: As Pakistan is waiting for its turn to buy a vaccine to defend its population against the coronavirus, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) governments have approved strategies to roll out the immunisation drive in phases. The shrine of Heer Ranjha in Jhang is one of the most visited shrines in Punjab. Guijranwala (Punjab, Pakistan): 2.57 million. Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated in the northwestern region of Pakistan, in the Peshawar valley and Potohar plateau with its capital at Taxila in modern northwestern Pakistan. The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. The Chief Secretary in turn, reports to the Chief Minister. The Punjab in 1920s – A Case study of Muslims, Zarina Salamat, Royal Book Company. After the Ghaznavids, Punjab became a part of different Muslim Empires like the Ghurids and later the various Delhi Sultanates which consisted mostly of Turkic peoples, Persians and Afghans as the leading elites in co-operation with some local Punjabi tribes and others. Vol.8, Fasc. Notable activists include Tariq Jatala, Farhad Iqbal, Diep Saeeda, Khalil Ojla, Afzal Sahir, Jamil Ahmad Paul, Mazhar Tirmazi, Mushtaq Sufi, Biya Je, Tohid Ahmad Chattha and Bilal Shaker Kahaloon, Nazeer Kahut, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 18:22. The language used the Kharosthi script, which died out about the 4th century. and continued to campaign down the course of the Indus River in modern-day Sindh and Baluchistan. All Ministers report to the Chief Minister, who is the Chief Executive. [citation needed]. The history of the city stretches back so far into antiquity that its true origin story is … Update to date information about population of Pakistan in 2021. [56] It occupies 25.8% of the total landmass of Pakistan. [citation needed], The Indo-Scythian king Maues invaded Indo-Greek territories in Punjab and established an Indo-Scythian empire. 207.8 million. Curiously, this language is the mother tongue of only 7-8% of Pakistanis. population by religion. All Pakistani districts Population . Punjab also includes several mountainous regions, including the Sulaiman Mountains in the southwest part of the province, the Margalla Hills in the north near Islamabad, and the Salt Range which divides the most northerly portion of Punjab, the Pothohar Plateau, from the rest of the province. Recently the province experienced one of the coldest winters in the last 70 years.[59]. 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